The ICD-10-CM is an international system used by healthcare providers to standardize diagnoses, procedures, and other health information. Familiarity with the codes related to mental health can help providers diagnose patients correctly and efficiently.
We’ve provided this list of ICD-10 codes for mental health and behavioral problems as a simple cheat sheet. Be sure to bookmark this page for easy reference!
For more on the latest information regarding ICD-11, see ICD-11 2022 Updates.
Common ICD-10 Codes for Mental Health
F90.0: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive presentation
F90.1: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation
F90.2: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, combined presentation
F90.8: Other attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
F43.21: Adjustment disorder, with depressed mood
F43.22: Adjustment disorder, with anxiety
ICD-10 diagnostic codes specify several types of anxiety disorders. Unspecified anxiety disorder falls under the diagnostic code F41.9. However, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders requires patients to meet at least three out of six criteria before a clinician can assign this code to them. Read more about the requirements for unspecified anxiety disorder here.
F40.01: Agoraphobia with panic disorder
F41.0: Panic disorder without agoraphobia (episodic paroxysmal anxiety)
F41.1: Generalized anxiety disorder
F41.8: Other specified anxiety disorders
F41.9: Unspecified anxiety disorder
For more on generalized anxiety disorder, check out Generalized Anxiety Disorder ICD 10 – F41.1
F31.0: Bipolar disorder, current episode hypomanic
F31.10: Bipolar disorder, current episode manic without psychotic features
F31.2: Bipolar disorder, current episode manic severe with psychotic features
F31.3: Bipolar disorder, current episode depressed, mild or moderate severity
F31.4: Bipolar disorder, current episode depressed, severe, without psychotic features
F31.5: Bipolar disorder, current episode depressed, severe, with psychotic features
F31.7: Bipolar disorder, currently in remission
F31.81: Bipolar II disorder
F31.9: Bipolar disorder, unspecified
The standard ICD-10 code for billing services related to depression is F32.9, which describes major depressive disorder (single episode, unspecified), as well as depression, not otherwise specified (NOS), depressive disorder (NOS), and major depression (NOS). Read more about F32 codes and symptoms of depression here.
F32.0: Major depressive disorder, single episode, mild
F32.A: Unspecified depressive disorder
F32.1: Major depressive disorder, single episode, moderate
F32.3: Major depressive disorder: single episode, severe without psychotic features
F32.4: Major depressive disorder, single episode, in partial remission
F32.5: Major depressive disorder, single episode, in full remission
F32.8: Other depressive episodes
F32.9: Major depressive disorder, single episode, unspecified
F33.1: Major depressive disorder, recurrent, moderate
F33.2: Major depressive disorder, recurrent, severe
F33.4: Major depressive disorder, in remission, unspecified
F33.9: Major depressive disorder, recurrent, unspecified
F34.1: Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)
For more on specific depression ICD-10 codes, check out ICD-10 Codes for Depression – F32.0–F33.3
F50.0: Anorexia nervosa, unspecified
F50.01: Anorexia nervosa, restricting type
F50.02: Anorexia or bulimia nervosa, binge eating/purging type
F50.81: Binge eating disorder
F50.82: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder
F50.89: Other specified eating disorder
F50.9: Eating disorder, unspecified
F51.01: Primary insomnia
F51.02: Adjustment insomnia
F51.03: Paradoxical insomnia
F51. 04: Psychophysiologic insomnia
F51.05: Insomnia due to other mental disorder
F51.09: Other insomnia not due to a substance or known physiological condition
F42.2: Mixed obsessional thoughts and acts
F42.3: Hoarding disorder
F42.4: Excoriation (skin-picking) disorder
F42.8: Other obsessive-compulsive disorder
F42.9: Obsessive-compulsive disorder, unspecified
Z91.51: Personal history of suicidal behavior
Z91.52: Personal history of non-suicidal self-injury
R45.88: Non-suicidal self-injury
The ICD-10 code for suicidal ideation, R45.851, is grouped separately from codes for depression and other mental health disorders. Read more about the most common symptoms of patients experiencing suicidal ideation here.
R45.85: Homicidal and suicidal ideations
R45.851: Suicidal ideation
For more information on ICD-10 codes for suicidal ideation see ICD-10 Code for Suicidal Ideation – R45.851
Other Useful ICD-10 Codes for Mental Health
Altered Mental Status
While insurers prefer descriptive ICD-10 codes, there are times when a clinician needs more information about a patient to support a more specific diagnosis. In these cases, using the code for altered mental status may be acceptable.
R41.82: Altered mental status describes a marked change in mental health status that is not attributable to other factors.
Learn more about when and when not to use the R41.82 diagnostic code here.
While the DSM-5 previously grouped all types of homelessness together, it is now subdivided into two categories: sheltered and unsheltered homelessness. Learn more about these codes and other updates to the ICD-10-CM coding in 2022 here.
Z59.1: Sheltered homelessness refers to patients who have access to homeless or domestic violence shelters or other temporary housing relief.
Z59.02: Unsheltered homelessness refers to patients who don’t have access to any form of adequate housing.
Lack of access
Z59.41: Food insecurity
Z58.6: Lack of access to safe drinking water
Valant Makes ICD-10 Coding Simple
We hope this list of common mental health ICD-10 codes serves as a valuable shortcut for your billing and diagnostic needs. Valant also offers an electronic health record (EHR) that makes entering the right ICD-10 code simple and straightforward. For behavioral health providers, using a robust EHR system streamlines the reimbursement process – and much more.
When you’re ready, request a free demo below to explore how Valant’s EHR can improve your office’s operational efficiency.